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2021成考英语|选择题都靠蒙?提分就是这么简单,妥了!
发布时间:2021-01-15浏览次数:

A. This is B. There is C. That is D. It is

解析:在名词性从句中,that既无词义,也不作句子成分,连接一个句子成分完整的陈述句。根据句意和句子结构,特别是that的暗示,可判断题干为一个含有主语从句的复合句,句首的it为形式主语,真正的主语为其后的that从句,故最佳答案为D。

2. 分析句子结构

有些试题的考点本来十分简单,但命题者却通过使用定语从句,或者将我们熟悉的固定词组有意拆分,重新组合,使我们在结构上产生错觉,出现迷惑。这时,我们只要保持清醒的头脑,仔细分析句子的结构,就会拨开迷雾。例如:

We keep in touch _____ writing often。

A. of B. with C. about D. in

解析:由于受 a lot of 这一常用结构的影响,许多同学毫不犹豫地选了A,但是错了。原因是:若选 of,a lot of cars即为动词 talk 的宾语,但事实上,动词 talk 是不及物动词。正确答案是C,句中的a lot是修饰动词 talked的状语,talk about才是一个动词短语。全句意为"我们对汽车已谈了不少,现在谈谈火车怎么样?"

We all regarded the poor old man ____sympathy。

-Tom。

C. having attend D. have to attend

解析:若将疑问句改为陈述句,就是I would rather have Tom attend the important meeting. 其中would rather后必须接动词原形,have sb. dosth。是"要某人做某事"。所以选A。

4. 补全省略成分

口语中常常会使用一些省略句,做题时若将被省略的成分补充完整,答案就会一目了然。例如:

-What do you think made Mary so upset?

A. As she lost B. Lost C. Losing D. Because of losing

解析:将答句补全,就是 _____ her new bike made Mary soupset,显然,只能选C,用动名词短语作主语。

5. 删除干扰部分

就是将起干扰作用的定语从句、介词短语或插入语,如I think / suppose / believe, do you think /suppose / believe, you know, of course等删除,从而更容易地选出正确答案。例如:

It is the ability to do the job _______matters not where you come from or what you are。

-Yes. _____ more words and expressions and you will find it easierto read and communicate。

A. bought B. buying C. to buy D. buy

解析:因为and后面是过去式visited,前面也必定是动词的过去式,所以正确答案是A。

7. 注意标点符号

标点有时对我们做题有提示作用,不同的标点可能导致选不同的答案,同学们做题时,一定要小心。例如:

There are eight tips in Dr. Roger's lecture on sleep, and one ofthem is:_____to bed early unless you think it is necessary。

A. seriously B. heavily C. badly D. hardly

解析:因为指烟瘾或酒瘾很重,要用heavy或heavily,所以要选B。此外,雨雪下得"大"、烟雾"浓"、交通"拥挤"、波涛"汹涌"等,也用heavy。

9. 排除思维定势

有些试题的题干,看上去好像就是固定搭配,我们高兴地完成后,自以为十分有把握,结果却做错了。所以当我们越是遇到十分熟悉的所谓固定搭配时,越要从句子结构上或者句子意思上仔细分析,以免步入命题人设计的陷阱。例如:

Charles Babbage is generally considered ______ the first computer。

C. to have invented D. having invented

解析:考生头脑中有considerdoing这一思维定势,易误选D,而题干用了被动语态,为动词不定式作主语补足语的结构。因不定式动作发生在谓语动作之前,用了不定式的完成式,故最佳答案为C。

10. 检查有无谓语

有时看似有两个句子,于是就选连词,正好掉进命题人设计的陷阱。事实上,有时貌似句子的"句子"却没有谓语,其中的动词只是一个非谓语动词(多为分词)。例如:

He wrote five novels, two of _____ translated into English。

A. as B. which C. what D. that

解析:因为前句已经有连词if,所以选答案D,that指前句所述内容。若没有if,就选B,which引导一个非限制性定语从句。

12. 识别相似句型

有的句型十分相似,若不仔细分辨,明察秋毫,很容易出错。例如:

_____ is known to everybody, light travels much faster than sound。

A. everything B. anything C. something D. nothing

解析:此题很容易误选B,因为这是个否定句。若选B,I don't agree with anything。就等于I agreewith nothing (of what you said),这就与前一分句的意思发生矛盾了。正确答案应该是A。

14. 分析逻辑关系

根据复合句和并列句的知识,句子与句子之间有着不同的逻辑关系,或是从属关系,或是并列关系。从句子的意义和逻辑关系来看,从句可表示时间、原因、条件、结果、目的、比较、方式等,句子之间还可以是限定关系、同位关系、并列关系、递进关系、让步关系、转折关系等。分析句子之间的逻辑关系的主要依据是句意和上下文之间的逻辑。如:

I don't mind drop in at your house when in town._____, the walk will do me good。

A. when B. that C. which D. so that

解析:从两个分句之间的关系判断,没有因果关系,可先排除so that;由于第 2 个分句中不缺少句子成分,又排除了定语从句即选项A和C,只有B为最佳答案。fear之后的that引导同位语从句,对fear的内容进行补充和说明。

有了这么多的答题技巧

再来一些硬货

成人高考英语作文万能句子

英语作文万能句子

一、开头句型

二、衔接句型
  1.A case in point is … 一个典型的例子是…
  2.As is often the case…由于通常情况下…
  3.As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述
  4.But the problem is not so simple.Therefore 然而问题并非如此简单,所以……
  5.But it's a pity that… 但遗憾的是…
  6.For all that…对于这一切…… In spite of the fact that…尽管事实……
  7.Further, we hold opinion that… 此外,我们坚持认为,…
  8.However , the difficulty lies in…然而,困难在于…
  9.Similarly, we should pay attention to… 同样,我们要注意…
  10.not(that)…but(that)…不是,而是
  11.In view of the present station.鉴于目前形势
  12.As has been mentioned above…正如上面所提到的…
  13.In this respect, we may as well (say) 从这个角度上我们可以说
  14.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is… 然而我们还得看到事物的另一方面,即 …

四、举例句型
  1.Let's take…to illustrate this.
  2.let's take the above chart as an example to illustrate this.
  3.Here is one more example.
  4.Take … for example.
  5.The same is true of…
  6.This offers a typical instance of…
  7.We may quote a common example of…8.Just think of…

七、演绎法常用的句型
  1.There are several reasons for…, but in general, they come down to three major ones.有几个原因……,但一般,他们可以归结为三个主要的.
  2.There are many factors that may account for…, but the following are the most typical ones.有许多因素可能占…,但以下是最典型的.
  3.Many ways can contribute to solving this problem, but the following ones may be most effective.有很多方法可以解决这个问题,但下面的可能是最有效的.
  4.Generally, the advantages can be listed as follows.一般来说,这些优势可以列举如下.
  5.The reasons are as follows.

九、段首万能句子
  1.关于……人们有不同的观点.一些人认为……
  There are different opinions among people as to ____ .Some people suggest that ____.
  2.俗话说(常言道)……,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使在今天,它在许多场合仍然适用.
  There is an old saying______.It“s the experience of our forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today.
  3.现在,……,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害.首先,……;其次,……更为糟糕的是……
  Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life.First, ____ Second,____.What makes things worse is that______.
  4.现在,……很普遍,许多人喜欢……,因为……,另外(而且)……
  Nowadays,it is common to ______.Many people like ______ because ______.Besides,______.
  5.任何事物都是有两面性,……也不例外.(www.lz13.cn)它既有有利的一面,也有不利的一面.
  Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has both advantages and disadvantages.
  6.关于……人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)……,在他们看来,……
  People's opinions about ______ vary from person to person.Some people say that ______.To them,_____.
  7.人类正面临着一个严重的问题……,这个问题变得越来越严重.
  Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and more serious.
  8.……已成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,将引发激烈的辩论.
  ______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way.
  9.……在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题.
  ______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.
  10.根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看出……很显然……,但是为什么呢?
  According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______ while.Obviously,______,but why?

十一、结尾万能句子
  1.至于我,在某种程度上我同意后面的观点,我认为……
  As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent.I think that ____.
  2.总而言之,整个社会应该密切关注……这个问题.只有这样,我们才能在将来……
  In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of ______.Only in this way can ______in the future.
  3.但是,……和……都有它们各自的优势(好处).例如,……,而……然而,把这两者相比较,我更倾向于(喜欢)……
  But ______and ______have their own advantages.For example, _____, while_____.Comparing this with that, however, I prefer to______.
  4.就我个人而言,我相信……,因此,我坚信美好的未来正等着我们.因为……
  Personally, I believe that_____.Consequently, I'm confident that a bright future is awaiting us because______.
  5.随着社会的发展,……因此,迫切需要……如果每个人都愿为社会贡献自已的一份力量,这个社会将要变得越来越好.
  With the development of society, ______.So it“s urgent and necessary to ____.If every member is willing to contribute himself to the society, it will be better and better.
  6.至于我(对我来说,就我而言),我认为……更合理.只有这样,我们才能……
  For my part, I think it reasonable to_____.Only in this way can you _____.
  7.对我来说,我认为有必要……原因如下:第一,……; 第二,……;最后……但同样重要的是……
  In my opinion, I think it necessary to____.The reasons are as follows.First _____.Second ______.Last but not least,______.
  8.在总体上很难说……是好还是坏,因为它在很大程度上取决于……的形势.然而,就我个人而言,我发现……
  It is difficult to say whether _____is good or not in general as it depends very much on the situation of______.However, from a personal point of view find______.
  9.综上所述,我们可以清楚地得出结论……
  From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that____.
  10.如果我们不采取有效的方法,就可能控制不了这种趋势,就会出现一些意想不到的不良后果,所以,我们应该做的是……
  If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do is_____.

以上内容均为仅为预测

并不是说一定会考

 

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